26/01/2018 – F. Restagno – Adhesion and slip of PDMS melts on a solid surfac
Séminaire régulier IUSTI – 26 jan. 2018 – 11h salle 250
Adhesion and slip of PDMS melts on a solid surfac
Frédéric Restagno – LPS, Orsay
A viscous fluid flowing near a wall can dissipates energy through its viscosity or through slip at the wall due to the friction of the last layer of fluid on the solid surface. For simple fluids, the adhesion of the molecules at the wall is so large than the slip effect is completely negligible. De Gennes showed  that, assuming that the friction of a linear polymer melt on a surface is not different from the one of a simple fluid, an entangled melt would present a large slip at the surface. Using a velocimetry technique based on fluorescent photobleaching , we systematically measured the slip length of different PDMS polymeric liquids on a non-adsorbing surface made of non-entangled short chains of PDMS grafted to the surface. We observed a constant slip length, independent of the shear rate. Moreover, we observed a linear variation of the slip length with the fluid viscosity, as predicted by de Gennes allowing a precise determination of the solid-liquid coefficient. We showed that the friction coefficient is equal to the one we previously measured by studying the solid friction of an elastomer of PDMS on the same surface . This allowed to directly connect for the first time solid-solid friction to solid-fluid friction in a direct measurement . Finally, we will present some new results on the friction of polymer solutions.  de Gennes, CR Acad Sc Paris 288B, 219 (1979).  Cohen et al. , Soft Matter 7, 8535 (2011).  Hénot et al., Macromolecules, 50 (14) (2017).  Hénot et al., submitted.